How to Break Glass With Chemicals


This article is the best solution if you want to learn how to break glass with chemicals. There are many types of chemical reactions that cause things to explode. Sometimes they even turn into acids or bases, which is dangerous if not used carefully. If you know any chemistry expert, you can ask him for the chemicals and explosives used in this experiment. You can also search the internet for information on different chemicals.

How to Break Glass With Chemicals

Step-wise Guide on How to Break Glass With Chemicals:

  • Get some concentrated acids (HCl, HNO3) and their respective salts, e.g., NaClO or NaHCO3.
  • Keep them at the bottom of a glass container, with water at the topmost level (so that they don’t touch each other).
  • Put something like a nail on top of the water/acid layer to help you make a hole in the glass container when you break it later using chemical reaction energies from below up. You may also put an aluminum foil over the top of these two layers to avoid acid splashing while breaking pieces by hand (i wouldn’t recommend this, though).
  • Close your container with a lid and let the chemical reaction start.
  • You can wait for now, or watch them rapidly spread all over the container, reacting to the water and starting to boil off.
  • After one minute or so, get your hands ready on both sides of the container. One side to break it by hand and another to catch the broken pieces (after careful observation of where the crack goes first and how much time).
  • Now, carefully break your container by hand using one side only, i.e., don’t use two opposite sides of your arms as this will be more dangerous (in case acid splashes out from below) than breaking the glass using just one side of your hand.
  • Take a look at the broken pieces. You will find that you have broken them by hand, but some sharp edges have been formed on top of them due to acid reactions with water. You’ll be surprised how quickly and easily they have been broken into tiny pieces without making any effort. So try to avoid touching these sharp edges as much as possible until you wash off acid residues from these once again in water (or make sure you leave no finger marks anywhere near those newly created sharp edges).
  • Some important details for this experiment: If the concentration of acids is low, it takes more time for it to react up nicely; if it is high, it may spread all over the container very quickly (depending upon the temperature of water in the container). Also, at higher temperatures, acids are more vigorous and react faster. Finally, if you add salt or baking soda to these acids separately, their reaction with water is much faster due to the release of extra gases and bubbles.
Acids With Salt or Baking Soda
With High Temperature

Precautions While Learning How to Break Glass With Chemicals

  • Wear protective goggles to protect your eyes from splashing water or chemicals while breaking glass.
  • Always remember that some chemicals are volatile and could create a fire hazard if spilled on flames; hence, you must take proper safety precautions to avoid any danger.
  • Do not try this method unless you know which chemical will help break the glass pane easily and effectively without much effort required for it. In case of doubt or uncertainty, be careful while choosing the correct chemicals because the outcome is never good with the wrong selection of chemicals!
  • The edges of broken glass pieces can get sharp, and when they fall after hitting others; they may cause skin injuries or cut people, thereby causing bleeding injuries; hence, while breaking the glass pane, try to wear gloves and protect yourself from any danger by avoiding direct contact with broken pieces.
  • Be aware of random flying small shards and splinters of glass when breaking glass using chemicals in your lab or home because these can create skin injuries if not prevented well!
  • Always make sure that you have proper safety precautions like wearing goggles, mask, long sleeves, gloves, etc. while trying this fascinating process in your home or lab as it can cause harm due to flammable vapors produced during this process; hence, avoid accidents at any cost during the entire experiment!
Have Proper Safety Precautions

Frequently Asked Questions

Why Are Chemists So Much Better at Breaking Glass?

Chemicals are part and parcel of our lives. From the soap that we wash to the medicines we take, chemicals have been woven into our everyday chores without us even realizing it. The love-hate relationship between humans and chemicals is also well documented in history. For example, gunpowder was one such chemical invention that was extremely useful in warfare, but it also destroyed large parts of the earth during its initial phase.

It appears as though science has finally found a use for chemistry in domestic settings too! Chemists have now discovered how to break glass using just chemicals! So you can try this amazing trick at home if you want to impress your guests at parties or during other get-togethers! And no, there is no disclaimer about the safety of this trick. It is definitely safe to try at home!

How Strong Can Glass Get?

You might be surprised by this question, but it is, in fact, not that far-fetched. One of the most famous materials in the world is glass, a solid, transparent, and brittle material made out of silicates. At first glance, you may think, “How would glass possibly be stronger than concrete?” concrete is anywhere from five to seven times stronger, depending on the type.

To examine it further, we must first learn what makes up their respective compositions: Concrete consists almost entirely of three components: aggregate (gravel), water, and cement (a binder). The aggregate gives concrete its mass, while the water and cement give it strength. All three are rather weak materials, with water and cement being the weakest.

Glass VS Concrete

Cement alone is incredibly easy to break, And for it to be used as an adhesive for the aggregate and water, the cement must have a fairly low water content so that it can set without too much water seeping out of it. Don’t make it too strong, or your concrete may crumble away. Sand, however, is very porous, with each grain having holes along its surfaces. This gives sand an enormous surface area, allowing the cement to adhere well to all those surfaces.

Shattering Safely:  Sublimation of Iodine

Sublimation is the direct change from solid to gas.  It can be used for breaking glass and making an interesting science demonstration with some household chemicals.  As it involves alcohol, mix it up only in a well-ventilated area away from any sparks or open flame; you may wish to have someone standing by just if something goes wrong (standards conditions: roughly 25 degrees C and 40% humidity).

The ingredients are common household chemicals available very cheaply at your local grocery store (or even online): iodine crystals, rubbing alcohol (70%), distilled water, salt & sugar.

Sublimation is the Direct Change

Glass and other Sharps Injury and Illness Prevention in Labs:

Lab safety is a critical part of the training for every laboratory worker. This may seem obvious, but if you examine your own habits in the lab, you might be surprised at how many potentially hazardous situations you put yourself into daily. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that there are over 14 million injuries in American workplaces yearly, with 4% occurring in laboratories. Of these injuries, 7800 cases require medical attention each year, and 480 cases result in long-term disability or death.

Probably far more common than any of these statistics are the “near misses,” where employees narrowly avoid injury after becoming complacent about an apparent risk.  These types of tragedies are entirely preventable. In addition to the risk of injury, there is a secondary safety concern with broken glass in the lab – especially since many chemicals will spontaneously react with each other or generate dangerous gasses upon exposure to light and air.

Examples of spontaneous reactions include sodium + water → sodium hydroxide + hydrogen, barium chloride (BaCl) → , barium nitrate (Ba(NO)) + chlorine gas, acetic acid + iron III sulfate dihydrate (FeSO·7HO) → , iron acetate and sulfuric acid, ortho-phenylenediamine → pyrrole + CO and ammonia. Yikes! Unfortunately for us, these reactions are not always as easy to recognize as in these examples. Reactions may be more subtle, such as the rusting of metal lab equipment and the tarnishing of silverware when exposed to water.

Additionally, many chemicals will generate gasses upon exposure to light and air. The gas generated can vary greatly depending on the chemical, but a few common examples include chloroform (CHCl), dinitrogen tetroxide (NTO), sulfur dioxide (SO), and nitric oxide(NO). These types of reactions are not entirely spontaneous or immediate either – they take time to develop. However, once present in an enclosed space, there is little ventilation and/or protection against it except for masks!

Many Chemicals Will Generate Gasses


Glass is one of the most durable materials on earth. It can be created in various colors and textures, making it an inexpensive alternative to other expensive building materials. So naturally, you’ll want to avoid damaging your glass by using harsh chemicals or abrasive tools when cleaning it.

If you’re looking for products that will break through stubborn dirt without harming the glass itself, we recommend these three:  *Lemon juice – Use lemon juice as an all-natural cleaner for windows and mirrors with ease! You can also use this citrus fruit’s power against grease stains.*Ammonia – This chemical has been used since ancient times because of its ability to easily cut through tough grime like dried egg yolk or ink. I hope you have obtained an idea of how to break glass with chemicals. Thank you and have a nice day!

You may read also – How to Keep a Glass Shower Door Closed

Jennifer Branett
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